Tpeak-Tend, Tpeak-Tend/QT ratio and Tpeak-Tend dispersion for risk stratification in Brugada Syndrome: A systematic review and meta-analysis

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Background: Brugada syndrome is an ion channelopathy that predisposes affected subjects to ventricular tachycardia/fibrillation (VT/VF), potentially leading to sudden cardiac death (SCD). Tpeak-Tend intervals, (Tpeak-Tend)/QT ratio and Tpeak-Tend dispersion have been proposed for risk stratification, but their predictive values in Brugada syndrome have been challenged recently. Methods: A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to examine their values in predicting arrhythmic and mortality outcomes in Brugada Syndrome. PubMed and Embase databases were searched until 1 May 2018, identifying 29 and 57 studies. Results: Nine studies involving 1740 subjects (mean age 45 years old, 80% male, mean follow-up duration was 68 ± 27 months) were included. The mean Tpeak-Tend interval was 98.9 ms (95% CI: 90.5-107.2 ms) for patients with adverse events (ventricular arrhythmias or SCD) compared to 87.7 ms (95% CI: 80.5-94.9 ms) for those without such events, with a mean difference of 11.9 ms (95% CI: 3.6-20.2 ms, P = 0.005; I2 = 86%). Higher (Tpeak-Tend)/QT ratios (mean difference = 0.019, 95% CI: 0.003-0.036, P = 0.024; I2 = 74%) and Tpeak-Tend dispersion (mean difference = 7.8 ms, 95% CI: 2.1-13.4 ms, P = 0.007; I2 = 80%) were observed for the event-positive group. Conclusion: Tpeak-Tend interval, (Tpeak-Tend)/QT ratio and Tpeak-Tend dispersion were higher in high-risk than low-risk Brugada subjects, and thus offer incremental value for risk stratification.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)587-597
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Arrhythmia
Issue number6
Early online date10 Sept 2018
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2018

Bibliographical note

© 2018 The Authors. Journal of Arrhythmia published by John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd on behalf of the Japanese Heart Rhythm Society.

This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution‐NonCommercial License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited and is not used for commercial purposes.


  • Brugada syndrome
  • risk stratification
  • sudden cardiac death
  • T-T
  • ventricular arrhythmia


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