Tunable replica symmetry breaking in random laser

Jiangying Xia, Xiaojuan Zhang, Kaiming Zhou, Lin Zhang, Erlei Wang, Wenyu Du, Jiajun Ma, Siqi Li, Kang Xie, Benli Yu, Junxi Zhang, Zhijia Hu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Replica symmetry breaking (RSB) has been widely recognized as a statistical analysis approach to understand the disorder and nonlinear interactions in complex systems ranging from atoms to the cosmic scale. However, it is challenging to analyze the nonlinear optical characteristics of random laser (RL) in disordered gain medium via RSB due to the lack of a general RSB-based statistical analysis framework. In this work, we report the tunable RSB in polymer fiber RL, where the effects of temperature and different structures on RSB are investigated experimentally and theoretically. It experimentally proves that RSB in RL is not robust, and disorder and temperature are responsible for tunable RSB in RL, which contributes to the improvement of the statistical analysis framework for investigating the optical principles of RL using RSB. And the finding of the tunable RSB allows to investigate the dynamical differences for various RL systems, which broadens the directions for the use of spin-glass theory to explore the physical mechanism of RL.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)761-771
Issue number4
Early online date23 Jan 2023
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2023

Bibliographical note

Copyright © 2023 the author(s), published by De Gruyter, Berlin/Boston.
This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License [https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/].

Funding Information:
National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 12174002; 11874012, 11404087, 11874126 and 51771186); Excellent Scientific Research and Innovation Team of Anhui Province (Grant No. 2022AH010003); Key Research and Development Plan of Anhui Province (Grant No. 202104a05020059); Innovation project for the Returned Overseas Scholars of Anhui Province (Grant No. 2021LCX011); The University Synergy Innovation Program of Anhui Province (Grant No. GXXT-2020-052); Anhui Project (Grant No. Z010118167) and China Scholarship Council (Grant No. 202006690031).


  • random laser
  • structure and temperature
  • tunable replica symmetry breaking


Dive into the research topics of 'Tunable replica symmetry breaking in random laser'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this