White Noise Responsiveness of an AlN Piezoelectric MEMS Cantilever Vibration Energy Harvester

Yu Jia, Ashwin A Seshia

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This paper reports the design, analysis and experimental characterisation of a piezoelectric MEMS cantilever vibration energy harvester, the enhancement of its power output by adding various values of end mass, as well as assessing the responsiveness towards white noise. Devices are fabricated using a 0.5 μm AlN on 10 μm doped Si process. Cantilevers with 5 mm length and 2 mm width were tested at either unloaded condition (MC0: fn 577 Hz) or subjected to estimated end masses of 2 mg (MC2: fn 129 Hz) and 5 mg (MC5: fn 80 Hz). While MC0 was able to tolerate a higher drive acceleration prior to saturation (7 g with 0.7 μW), MC5 exhibited higher peak power attainable at a lower input vibration (2.56 μW at 3 ms−2). MC5 was also subjected to band-limited (10 Hz to 2 kHz) white noise vibration, where the power response was only a fraction of its resonant counterpart for the same input: peak instantaneous power >1 μW was only attainable beyond 2 g of white noise, whereas single frequency resonant response only required 2.5 ms−2. Both the first resonant response and the band-limited white noise response were also compared to a numerical model, showing close agreements.
Original languageEnglish
Article number012037
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 18 Aug 2014

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